In a district of Maharashtra, many Sarpanch have been elected unopposed, and all the newspapers and the Government machinery praised this development. After the election, an investigating journalist brings out the reality of the village election. The issue is that there was a bidding contest between candidates. One who would have paid the highest amount for the local religious place will contest the election, and all other willing candidates will support him or will not contest. In the recent elections, a person wins the bid with a promise from the voters that he would be elected unopposed. The villagers have decided that the auction money will be used to renovate the local religious place. After the publishing of the report, many activists and social workers are demanding fresh elections. When you visited the village to know the ground realities, the villagers told that this has been happening for the last 20 years, and there is a bidding process between all the contesting candidates. One who wins the bid chooses the unopposed Sarpanch of the village. Suppose you are the District Election Office of such a district, then a) Discuss the ethical issues in the case studies. b) What would be your response to the issues in the case study? (250 words) 20
Online methodology is being used for day-to-day meetings, institutional approvals in the administration and for teaching and learning in education sector to the extent telemedicine in the health sector is getting popular with the approvals of the competent authority. No doubt it has advantages and disadvantages for both the beneficiaries and system at large. Describe and discuss the ethical issues involved in the use of online method particularly to vulnerable section of society. (150 words) 10 M (UPSC CSM 2022)
The Prime Minister’s office has emerged as one of the most formidable institutions in independent India despite lacking a constitutional nor a statutory backing. In this regard analyse the implications in policy making realm and also suggest measures that could be taken to nullify the overarching influence of this office. (250 words) 15 M
A child marriage was performed in a classroom of a junior college in one of the district of a progressive state in India. The event came to light after a video of the ceremony was widely shared on various social media groups. After the incident, the girl’s parents refused to allow her to return home. Also, the management of the junior college removed the names of the students from the rolls and gave them transfer certificates. Suppose you are the head of junior college, then: a) What are the ethical issues involved in the given case? b) Discuss your course of action and give justification.
Despite the limited progress towards the goals and targets set for the last decade, the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity remains the benchmark guiding global action on biodiversity in the coming years. Suggest measures to place the global community on a path towards realizing the UN 2050 Vision for Biodiversity. (250 words) 15 M
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