In a district of Maharashtra, many Sarpanch have been elected unopposed, and all the newspapers and the Government machinery praised this development. After the election, an investigating journalist brings out the reality of the village election. The issue is that there was a bidding contest between candidates. One who would have paid the highest amount for the local religious place will contest the election, and all other willing candidates will support him or will not contest. In the recent elections, a person wins the bid with a promise from the voters that he would be elected unopposed. The villagers have decided that the auction money will be used to renovate the local religious place. After the publishing of the report, many activists and social workers are demanding fresh elections. When you visited the village to know the ground realities, the villagers told that this has been happening for the last 20 years, and there is a bidding process between all the contesting candidates. One who wins the bid chooses the unopposed Sarpanch of the village. Suppose you are the District Election Office of such a district, then a) Discuss the ethical issues in the case studies. b) What would be your response to the issues in the case study? (250 words) 20
Online methodology is being used for day-to-day meetings, institutional approvals in the administration and for teaching and learning in education sector to the extent telemedicine in the health sector is getting popular with the approvals of the competent authority. No doubt it has advantages and disadvantages for both the beneficiaries and system at large. Describe and discuss the ethical issues involved in the use of online method particularly to vulnerable section of society. (150 words) 10 M (UPSC CSM 2022)
A child marriage was performed in a classroom of a junior college in one of the district of a progressive state in India. The event came to light after a video of the ceremony was widely shared on various social media groups. After the incident, the girl’s parents refused to allow her to return home. Also, the management of the junior college removed the names of the students from the rolls and gave them transfer certificates. Suppose you are the head of junior college, then: a) What are the ethical issues involved in the given case? b) Discuss your course of action and give justification.
There is a conversation among two civil services aspirants Mr A and Mr. B, regarding the newly qualified civil servants. Mr A tells Mr. B: 1. After joining civil services, the behaviour of new entrants become more elite, and they also don’t resist corruption. They become corrupt at the very early stage of their career. 2. In fact, giving preference to home cadre itself goes against the spirit of civil services values such as dedication to work. 3. Training doesn’t have much influence as one can find some civil servants prejudiced and stereotyped even after going through over a year of training time. 4. The lateral entry is going further to affect the motivation and dedication of civil servants. Suppose you are Mr B then evaluate the above views of Mr A, giving justification to your view. (250 words) 15 M
Hate speech against marginalized groups is on the rise globally. Such cases are coming to the notice of administration time to time. A leaked document by one employee of a social media company highlighted that the company itself has not taken any appropriate action against such rumours/ speeches and messages. Moreover, the company was very selective in curbing hate speech, misinformation, and inflammatory posts. It was noted that the platform doesn’t have enough local language fact-checkers, which meant a lot of content goes unverified. After this disclosure, many activists and people in India are demanding to ban the Social Media platform in India. They have started boycotting of that social media platform. As a responsible citizen of India, what are your views on the following? a) What is the moral responsibility of the social media company that it has breached? b) Whether government regulation is the only effective solution. Give justification to your view. (250 words) 20
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